Vote by Mail

Vote by Mail

Mail truck

If you are eligible, apply now to vote at home and stay safe! 

Who can vote by mail in Texas? (currently in the courts)

  • 65 years or older
  • Sick or disabled
  • Out of the county during early voting and election day 
  • In jail but otherwise eligible to vote

One of the grounds for voting by mail is disability. The Election Code defines “disability” to include “a sickness or physical condition that prevents the voter from appearing at the polling place on election day without a likelihood of needing personal assistance or of injuring the voter's health.” (Sec. 82.002). Voters who meet this definition and wish to vote a ballot by mail must submit an application for ballot by mail. Texas Secretary of State

An explanation of the vote by mail process is in the video below including:

  • Who can vote by mail
  • Who qualifies for sick or disabled and who may be at higher risk
  • How to apply 
  • Tips for filling out your application
  • Application due dates
  • Ballot arrival dates
  • Ballot packet information
  • Tips on filling out your ballot
  • Mailing your ballot
  • Getting help

How to obtain an application to vote by mail:

Fill out the vote by mail application once a year if the voter 

  • Is 65 years or older
  • Is sick or disabled 
  • Checks the annual application

Fill out the vote by mail application for each election if the voter

  • will be out of the county during early voting and election day. This includes students living away at school.
  • is in jail 

Tips for filling out the application

  • If you check "Disabled" - DO NOT WRITE IN YOUR DISABILITY.
  •  Avoid any confusion by election officials and sign both your application and ballot in the same way.
  • Have a ballot mailed to the address where you actually are.
  • Include your contact information in case there is a problem with your application.
  • Mark the annual box for voters 65 years of age or older and voters with a disability.
  • Mark the election you will be voting in. If it is the Primary Election then check the Democratic Primary or the Republican Primary. Check the “any resulting runoff” to automatically receive a ballot.
  • Students living away at school check “address outside the county” box.
  • Write the dates you are out of the county where you are registered. For example, dates away at school.

When will I receive my ballot?

  • Ballots are mailed out 30 days before an election or 7 days after the county election office receives an application.

How do I fill out my ballot?

  • Use a blue or black pen, not a pencil.
  • Research your candidates with the League's nonpartisan Voters Guide at
  • Sign the ballot and the envelope with the same signature you used on your application.
  • Some ballots may need two stamps.

When does my vote by mail ballot need to be at my county election office?

The vote by mail ballot must be at your county election office on election day!

  • A voter may deliver a marked ballot in person to the county election office on election day while polls are open. In-person delivery for a marked ballot requires presentation of the person’s ID.  For more information:  Texas Secretary of State

What if I later decide to vote in person?

  • Take your unmarked ballot with you to the polling station and turn in to the voting clerk. They will instruct you from there.
  • If you lose, or forget, your ballot you can still cast a ballot at the polling station. You will be allowed to vote a provisional ballot. 

What if I become disabled or ill on or after the deadline to request a vote by mail ballot?

  • Contact your county election office for details to request a late ballot. It requires an assistant committed to two round-trips to the election office, as well as a physician-signed certification of your illness or disability.